Three decrees honouring ephebes and their superintendent, 79/8 BCAIO 1798 Date: 79/8 BC
Decree 1 (Honours for sacrifices) Gods. In the archonship of -os (79/8), in the hoplite generalship of Mnaseas [son of] Mnaseas of Berenikidai; decrees of the Council; on the sixth of Boedromion; in the Theseion (transferred) from the (Panathenaic) stadium; Mnaseas son of Mnaseas of Berenikidai proposed: concerning the report which the superintendent (5) of the ephebes, Hedylos son of Straton of Lamptrai, makes about the sacrifice that he made with the ephebes on the acropolis, the exit sacrifices (exitētēria) for Athena Polias and the other gods for whom it was traditional, on behalf of the Council and the People and children and women and the friends and allies, and that the sacrifices turned out fine and salutary in every respect, for good fortune, the Council shall decide, (to accept) the sacrifices that took place in the sanctuaries for the health and preservation (10) of the Council and children and women and the friends and allies; and to praise the superintendent Hedylos son of Straton of Lamptrai and the ephebes, and to crown each of them with a foliage crown for their piety towards the gods and for their zeal and love of toil throughout the whole year in every respect, in order that, these things being brought to pass, the Council may be seen to honour [them] [worthily] of the honour they deserve. Uninscribed space
Decree 2 (Honours for superintendent of ephebes) (15) Since the ephebes in the archonship of Apollodoros (80/79), having made an approach to the Council, make clear that the superintendent Hedylos son of Straton of Lamptrai has been generous (eugenē) and honour-loving (philotimon) towards them and he has paid attention to . . . , guiding them to the finest pursuits and making them attend the schools of the rhetoricians and grammarians and the lectures which took place, and he has managed their physical exercise and drill, and further their (20) strenuous weapons practice, and he has organised the parades according to the laws, and in the contests of the benefactors (euergetōn) has offered sacrifices at the appropriate times, and he has arranged for them to compete in the torch-races that took place, contending with each other honorably and in a manly way, and in the garrisons and concerning the walls and the Piraeus he has provided unstinting service (leitourgian) for the fatherland both by himself and through the tutors, showing surpassing capacity for zeal and love of honour towards the ephebes and the (25) city, and he has taken care that all were equipped with arms; and he has also provided expenses from his own resources for the sake of their (i.e. the ephebes) honour, sacrificing in the gymnasia (gymnasiois) in which it was appropriate, and giving sufficient [money] and making gifts, so that, from the first age of youth, being accustomed to good order and care for their body and obtaining the resulting honour, they would conduct themselves according to the best habits; and he has been attentive that they had no living expenses, (30) guiding those most prominent and most inclined to the finest honour-loving behaviour to undertake gymnasiarchies (gymnasiarchias), relieving the others in right measure of these expenses; and he has provided for the sacrifices which the customs of the city and the laws prescribed, and he has offered the entry-sacrifices (eisitētēria) from his own resources in [the city hall to Hestia] . . . , and he has behaved through the whole year fairly and justly both collectively towards all ephebes and individually towards each one of them, displaying his ancestral (35) benevolence (eunoian); for which they too, wishing to render him thanks, both crowned him in the Council with a golden crown and request the Council to permit them to make a dedication of a painted statue in armour (graptēs eikо̄nos en hoplо̄i) in the sanctuary at Eleusis and to inscribe on it: “Those who were ephebes in the year of the archonship of Apollodoros (80/79) (dedicated this statue of) their superintendent Hedylos son of Straton of Lamptrai, for his excellence, to Demeter and Kore”; and likewise (to dedicate) another one in the city (of Athens) where it may seem appropriate; and to allow them to (40) dedicate a bronze statue (chalkēs eikоnos) of him in the agora, except where the laws forbid it; for good fortune, the Council shall decide, to permit the ephebes to crown their superintendent Hedylos son of Straton of Lamptrai with a crown [and (to honour him) with statues] for his good will and love of honour towards them, and [to make] the dedication of the statues in the places they request, and, besides that, to erect a stele bearing their names and the decrees concerning these matters, in order that, these things being brought to pass, the Council may be seen to be honouring good (45) men. Uninscribed space
Decree 3 (Honours for ephebes) Since the ephebes in the archonship of Apollodoros (80/79) have behaved well and with decency during the whole year of their ephebate (ephēbeia), being obedient to the superintendent and the tutors and attending the schools of the philosophers and at the gymnasium behaving appropriately; and they have also managed their physical exercise (50) and drill, and also their strenuous weapons training throughout the whole year, lacking nothing in their zeal and love of honour; and they have provided the guard for the city and the Piraeus according to the orders of the superintendent and the generals; and they further made the expeditions into the country to the best of their ability with common purpose (homonoias); and they executed the instructions (egdochas) of their officers (hēgoumenōn) with all zeal; and, maintaining piety towards the gods, (55) they participated (sunepempsan) in all the city’s processions and they performed the public services (leitourgias); and they sacrificed the at Proeresia and the Mysteria and the Peiraia and the Dionysia, supplying the victims in the finest possible manner; and they also sacrificed at the Diogeneia within the precinct (scil. of the Diogeneion) and they completed the other sacrifices which were appropriate and obtained favourable omens in all of them; and they sacrificed the Sylleia and obtained good omens, and likewise performed the exit sacrifices (exitētēria) on the acropolis for Athena Polias and Kourotrophos and Pandrosos and obtained favourable omens; in order, therefore, that (60) the Council may be seen to be approving the excellence of the ephebes and their love of honour in respect of good deeds, for good fortune, the Council shall decide, to praise the ephebes of the archonship of Apollodoros (80/79), and to crown them with a golden crown for the good discipline they have maintained and their zeal for the finest pursuits, and to announce the crown at the competition for new tragedies of the Great Dionysia and at the Panathenaia and at the Eleusinia in the gymnastic competitions; and the general (65) and the herald of the Council of the Areopagos shall take care of the proclamation of the crown; and it shall be permitted for them to make the dedication of the painting (pinakos) in the place that may seem most suitable; and to inscribe this decree together with the others on the same stele, in order that, these things being brought to pass, the Council may be seen to honour those who devote themselves from the first age of youth to the finest pursuits, and that others may also become zealous for the same. Uninscribed Space
(70) Those who were ephebes in the archonship of Apollodoros (80/79)
In crown The Council (crowns) the superintendent.
In crown The People (crown) (75) the superintendent.
In crown The Council (crowns) the ephebes.
In crown (80) The ephebes (crown) the superintendent.
Roster of ephebes
Of ErechtheisI Diodoros son of Diodoros of Kephisia (85) Poplios son of Poplios of Kephisia Dekimos son of Poplios of Kephisia Aristeus son of Nikomedes of Pambotadai Kallistratos son of Noumenios of Lamptrai Titos son of Titos of Kephisia (90) Isidoros son of Theodoros of Anagyrous Smikythos son of Demetrios of Kephisia Philinos son of Philinos of Euonymon
Of AigeisII - son of Pharnakes of Gargettos (95) -ston son of Pharnakes of Gargettos Konon son of Menodoros of Kollytos Sokleides son of Menodoros of Kollytos Menophilos son of Menodotos of Erchia Themistokles son of Arnaios of Philiadai (100) [M]en- (or [Z]en)odoros ? son of Zenon of [Erchia ?] Philonides . . .
[Of PandionisIII] Sosi- . . . Apollon- . . . (105) Theophilos . . . . . . . . . . . . Philipp- . . . (110) Deme- . . . L- (?) . . . M- . . . . . .
Remainder of this column, including entries for LeontisIV and PtolemaisV, not preserved
Of AkamantisVI (115) Herakleodoros son of Seleukos of Sphettos Dionysios son of Herodes of Sphettos Demoteles son of Demetrios of Kerameis Dionysios son of Eutychos of Kikynna Sostratos son of Telestes of Sphettos (120) Theaitetos son of Theainetos of Sphettos Kleon son of Dioskourides of Poros Nausistratos son of Archonides of Kerameis Philemon son of Kephisodoros of Eitea
Of OineisVII (125) Aristaichmos son of Philotades of Phyle
Of KekropisVIII Diopeithes son of Philanthos of Halai Epigenes son of Dios of Melite Xenon son of Dios of Melite (130) Xenokrates son of Philophan- . . . . . . son of -ides of Melite . . . of Melite . . . of Aixone . . . (135) . . . . . . . . . . . . of Melite . . . of Melite (140) Ariobarzanes and Ariarathes sons of king Ariobarzanes of Sypalettos the Philoromans (philorōmaioi) . . . . . . (145) . . . . . . of Sypalettos
[Of HippothontisIX] . . . . . . (150) . . . . . . . . . . . . G- . . . (155) P- . . . Leon son of Leon of Eleusis Alexandros son of Diodotos of Piraeus Leukios son of Leukios of Azenia Kointos son of Leukios of Azenia (160) Alexandros son of The- of Azenia Sophokles son of Xen- of Elaious Demetrios . . . . . . . . . (165) Of AiantisX . . . of Marathon . . . of Marathon . . . of Trikorynthos -os son of Paramonos of [Trikorynthos ?] (170) -s son of Theodotos of Marathon - son of Demetrios of Marathon - son of Dionysios of Marathon Moiragenes son of Moiragenes of - Nikon son of Me- of - (175) Anthesterios . . . . . . . . . Alexion son of Alexion of Marathon Nikon son of Menekrates of Phaleron (180) Theodotos son of Theodotos of Marathon Iason son of Iason of Rhamnous Anthesterios son of Biottos of Phaleron . . . of Trikorynthos -doros son of Diodoros of Marathon (185) Demetrios son of Demetrios of Trikorynthos
Of Antiochis[XI] Dionysios son of Sarapion of Anaphlystos Ammonios son of Demetrios of Anaphlystos Ariston son of Alexandros of Pallene (190) Herakleitos son of Herakleitos . . . Athenodoros .. -doros . . . . . .
10 lines missing . . . of Thorai . . . son of Dionysios of Pallene (195) -s son of Protogenes of Pallene -s son of Archelaos of Semachidai
Of AttalisXII Nikias son of Philoxenos of Sounion Lysimachos son of Lysimachos of Sounion (200) Pantakles son of Euthydemos of Athmonon Euphanes son of Isidoros of Sounion Leukios son of A- of -
Fragment from roster of foreign ephebes . . . of Korone . . . son of -on of Alexandria (205) . . . of Herakleia . . . of Eretria . . .