Decree of the genos Salaminioi concerning the resolution of a disputeRO 37 Date: 363/2 BC
Gods. In the archonship of Charikleides at Athens (363/2). On the following terms the arbitrators (diaitētai) reconciled (diēllaxan) the Salaminioi of the Seven Tribes and the Salaminioi from Sounion, (5) both parties agreeing with eachother that the terms proposed by the arbitrators (ha egnōsan) were good, Stephanos of Myrrhinous, Kleagoros of Acharnai, Aristogeiton of Myrrhinous, Euthykritos of Lamptrai, Kephisodotos of Aithalidai. The priesthoods shall be common to both parties for all time: (10) that of Athena Skiras, that of Herakles at Porthmos, that of Eurysakes, that of Aglauros and Pandrosos, and of Kourotrophos. Appointment shall be by lot jointly from both parties when one of the priestesses or priests dies, and those who obtain the office by lot (15) shall serve as priests on the same terms as the previous priests. The land at the Herakleion at Porthmos and the salt-works (halēn) and the agora at Koile shall be divided into two equal parts for each party; and each party shall set up boundary markers (horos) on its own part. They shall sacrifice to the gods and heroes (20) according to the following terms. Everything which the city provides at public expense (ek to dēmosio), or which the Salaminioi happen to receive from the oschophoroi or from the deipnophoroi, both parties shall sacrifice jointly and divide the raw meat, half for each party. Everything which the Salaminioi used to sacrifice from the rents (25) they shall sacrifice from their own resources according to the ancestral customs, each party contributing half for all the sacrifices. To the priests and priestesses shall be given the perquisites prescribed here. To the priest of Heracles, as priestly dues (hiereōsuna), 30 drachmas; for pelanos (30) 3 drachmas; each party shall contribute half of these sums. Of the victims which he sacrifices for the whole group he shall take the skin and the leg of a victim that has been flayed, the leg of a victim that has been singed; of a bovine he shall take nine pieces of flesh and the skin. To the priest of Eurysakes, as priestly dues (hiereōsuna), 6 drachmas; (35) for pelanos for both cults 7 drachmas; in lieu of the leg and skin in the Eurysakeion, 13 drachmas; each party shall contribute half of these sums. Of the victims sacrificed to the hero at the salt-works (halēi) he shall take the skin and the leg. To the priests and (40) priestesses in the sanctuaries where each is priest a portion shall be distributed from each party. The loaves from Skiras shall be distributed in the following way, having removed from the total those which it is ancestral custom to remove: for the herald a loaf, for the priestess of Athena a loaf, for the priest of Herakles a loaf, (45) for the priestess of Pandrosos and Aglauros a loaf, of Kourotrophos and for the basket-bearer (kalathēphorōi) or for the basket-bearer of Kourotrophos a loaf, for the oarsmen (kōpais) a loaf; of the rest each party shall have a half share. An archon shall be chosen by lot from each party in turn to appoint the oschophoroi and deipnophoroi together with the (50) priestess and the herald according to the ancestral custom. Both parties shall write these things up on a common stele and stand it in the sanctuary (hierōi) of Athena Skiras. The same man shall be priest for Eurysakes and for the hero at the salt-works (halēi). If there is any need to do building works (episkeueasai) in (55) the sanctuaries (hierōn), they shall do it jointly, each party contributing half the costs. In the archonship of Charikleides (363/2) the Salaminioi of the Seven Tribes provided the archon. All the written records (grammateia) shall be common to both parties. The lessee shall work the land until the time (60) for which he leased the land expires, paying half the rent to each party. The preliminary sacrifice (prothuma) before the contest (hamillo) each party shall undertake in turn. Each party shall take half of the meat and skins. The priestly dues (hiereōsunēn) of the herald shall belong to Thrasykles according to (65) ancestral custom. All other claims, whether against individuals or groups, up to the month of Boedromion in the archonship of Charikleides (363/2), shall be dropped. one line uninscribed In the archonship for the Salaminioi of Diphilos son of Diopeithes of Sounion, (70) the following of the Salaminioi from Sounion swore oaths: Diopeithes son of Phasyrkides, Philoneos son of Ameinonikos, Chalkideus son of Andromenes, Chariades son of Charikles, Theophanes son of Zophanes, Hegias son of Hegesias, Ameinias son of Philinos. In the archonship for the Salaminioi of Antisthenes son of Antigenes of Acharnai, (75) the following took the oath from the Seven Tribes: Thrasykles son of Thrason of Boutadai, Stratophon son of Straton of Agryle, Melittios son of Exekestides of Boutadai, Aristarchos son of Demokles of Acharnai, Arkeon son of Eumelides of Acharnai, Chairestratos son of Pankleides of Epikephisia, Demon son of Demaretos of Agryle. (80) Archeneos proposed: in order that the Salaminioi may always make the sacrifices to the gods and heroes according to ancestral custom and that the terms on which the conciliators (diallaktai) reconciled both parties and to which those elected swore oaths shall be put into effect, the Salaminioi shall resolve that the archon Aristarchos shall inscribe all the sacrifices and the prices (timas) of the offerings on the stele on which the terms of the settlement are, in order that the archons from both parties at any time in the future may know what amount of money each party has to contribute for all the sacrifices from the rent of the land at the Herakleion, and to stand the stele in the (85) Eurysakeion. In Mounychion: at Porthmos, for Kourotrophos a goat, 10 dr.; for Iolaos a sheep burnt whole (holokauton), 15 dr.; for Alkmene a sheep, 12 dr.; for Maia a sheep, 12 dr.; for Herakles a bovine, 70 dr.; for the hero at the salt-works a sheep, 15 dr.; for the hero at Antisara a piglet, 3 dr. 3 ob.; for the hero Epipyrgidios a piglet, 3 dr. 3 ob.; to sacrifice a sheep for Ion every other year (enallax par' etos); wood for the sacrifices, including those for which the city gives money according to the kyrbeis, 10 dr.; on the eighteenth for Eurysakes a sow, 40 dr.; wood for the sacrifices and for other things, 3 dr. In Hekatombaion: at the Panathenaia, for Athena a sow, 40 dr.; wood for the sacrifices and for other things, 3 dr. In Metageitnion: on the seventh for Apollo Patroios a sow, 40 dr.; for Leto a piglet, (90) 3 dr. 3 ob.; for Artemis a piglet, 3 dr. 3 ob.; for Athena Agelaa a piglet, 3 dr. 3 ob.; wood for the sacrifices and for other things, 3 dr. 3ob. In Boedromion: for Poseidon Hippodromios a sow, 40 dr.; for the hero Phaiax a piglet, 3 dr. 3 ob.; for the hero Teukros a piglet, 3 dr. 3 ob.; for the hero Nausiros a piglet, 3 dr. 3 ob.; wood for the sacrifices and other things, 3 dr. 3 ob. In Pyanopsion: on the sixth for Theseus a sow, 40 dr.; for other things, 3 dr.; at the Apatouria for Zeus Phratrios a sow, 40 dr.; wood for the sacrifices and other things, 3 dr. In Maimakterion: for Athena Skiras a pregnant sheep, 12 dr.; for Skiros a sheep, 15 dr.; wood for the altar, 3 dr. Total that it is necessary for both parties to spend on all the sacrifices, 530 dr. 3 ob. They shall sacrifice these jointly from the rents of the land at the Herakleion (95) at Sounion, each party contributing money for all the sacrifices. If anyone makes, or if any archon puts to the vote, a proposal to rescind any of these terms or diverts the money elsewhere, he shall be accountable (hupeuthunon) to the whole genos and the priests on the same basis, and also privately liable to legal action (hupodikon) by any of the Salaminioi who wishes.