On the first-fruits at EleusisI Eleus. 28a Date: ca. 435 BC?
Timoteles of Acharnai was secretary. The Council and the People decided. KekropisVII was the prytany; Timoteles was secretary; Kykneas was chairman. The draftsmen (syngraphes) drafted the following: the Athenians shall give first-fruits of the harvest to the two goddesses according to ancestral custom (kata ta patria) and the (5) oracle from Delphi, at a rate of not less than a sixth of a medimnos (hektea) per hundred medimnoi of barley and not less than half a sixth per hundred medimnoi of wheat; and if someone produces a greater harvest than this, or a smaller, he shall give first-fruits at the same ratio (logon); and the demarchs shall collect the first-fruits by demes and hand them over to the sacred officials (hieropoiois) (10) from Eleusis at Eleusis; and they shall build three granaries (siros) at Eleusis, according to ancestral custom (kata ta patria), wherever seems to the sacred officials (hieropoiois) and the architect to be suitable, from the money of the two goddesses; and they shall deposit here the crops that they receive from the demarchs; and the allies shall contribute first-fruits in the same way; and the cities shall choose (15) collectors of the crops in whatever way it seems to them that the crops will be best collected; and when they have been collected they shall send them to Athens; and those who bring them shall hand them over to the sacred officials from Eleusis at Eleusis; and if they do not accept them within five days from when they have been announced, although the men from the city from which the crops (20) come are handing them over, the sacred officials shall be fined (euthunosthon) 1,000 drachmas each; and they shall accept them from the demarchs according to the same conditions (kata tauta); and the Council shall choose heralds and send them to the cities announcing what has been voted by the People, as soon as possible for now, and in future whenever the Council decides; and the hierophant and the dadouch (25) shall encourage (keleueto) the Greeks at the Mysteries to give first-fruits of the harvest according to ancestral custom and the oracle from Delphi; and when they have written up on a board (pinakioi) the amount of the crops received from the demarchs, deme by deme, and from the cities, city by city, they shall place (katathenton) it in the Eleusinion at Eleusis and in the Council chamber; (30) and the Council shall announce to all the other Greek cities, wherever it decides this to be possible, telling them the arrangements under which the Athenians and the allies give first-fruits, and not commanding (epitattontas) them but encouraging (keleuontas) them, if they wish, to give first-fruits according to ancestral custom and the oracle from Delphi; and the sacred officials (35) shall accept crops from these cities in the same way if any city brings them; and they shall sacrifice from the cake (pelano) as the Eumolpidai expound, and a triple sacrifice lead by a bovine with gilded horns to each of the two goddesses from the barley and the wheat, and to Triptolemos and to the god and the goddess and to Euboulos, a full-grown victim to each, and (40) to Athena a bovine with gilded horns; and the sacred officials with the Council shall sell the rest of the barley and wheat and dedicate dedications to the two goddesses, doing whatever the Athenian People decides, and shall write on the dedications that these dedications were made from the first-fruits of the harvest, the Greeks also offering first-fruits; and to those who do this (45) may much good come, and good and plentiful harvests, as long as they do no wrong to the Athenians or to the city of the Athenians or to the two goddesses. Lampon proposed: in other respects in accordance with the draft about the first-fruits of the harvest for the two goddesses; but the secretary of the Council shall write up the draft and this decree on two stone stelai, (50) and shall place (katatheto) one at Eleusis in the sanctuary, and the other on the acropolis; and the official sellers (poletai) shall put the two stelai out to tender; and the kolakretai shall give the money; and they shall write up these things about the first-fruits of the harvest for the two Goddesses on the two stelai; and the new archon shall insert a month Hekatombaion; and the king (basilea) shall define the boundaries of the sanctuaries in (55) the Pelargikon, and for the future no altar shall be set up in the Pelargikon without permission of the Council and People, nor shall anyone cut stones from the Pelargikon, nor take away earth or stones; and if anyone contravenes any of these things, he shall pay 500 drachmas; and the king shall report it to the Council; and on the matter of the first-fruits of oil, (60) Lampon shall make a draft and show it to the Council in the ninth prytany; and the Council shall be obliged to bring it before the People.